Новите такси в Обединеното кралство

Тъй като много хора слушат новините по българските телевизии и се притесняват, преведох ключови моменти от статия на Би Би Си. Надявам се да внесе малко повече яснота.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-11483638

 

Q&A: University funding

Ministers have voted for plans to allow universities in England to charge tuition fees of up to £9,000 per year, amid major budget cuts to institutions’ teaching budgets. До 9 хиляди на година не означава, че всички такси ще стана 9 хиляди. Това ще бъдат най-високите възможни такси, което не означава, че няма да има по-ниски.

The proposal was the government’s response to the independent review of higher education funding by former BP chief Lord Browne, who recommended completely lifting the cap on the tuition fees.

What is the government’s policy?

The government has pushed through plans to allow universities to charge up to £9,000 per year, raising the cap from its current level of £3,290. Това означава, че както досега, ще има ТАВАН, ограничение. ТАВАНЪТ означава най-високата такса, а не всяка такса Universities wanting to charge more than £6,000 Това означава, че таксите може и да са под 6 хиляди, а университетите, които искат повече от 6 хиляди, ще трябва да вземат задължително мерки, които влючват и стипендии would have to undertake measures, such as offering bursaries, summer schools and outreach programmes, to encourage students from poorer backgrounds to apply.

The government would continue to loan students the money for fees. Правителството ще продължи да дава заеми за таксите. The threshold at which graduates have to start paying their loans back would be raised from £15,000 to £21,000.  Завършилите ще започнат да ги изплащат, когато годишните им доходи достигнат 21 хиляди. On 8 December, the goverment announced this threshold would rise annually with inflation – not just every five years, as had been planned. Този праг ще се повишава всяка година според инфлацията – това означава, че при повишаване на инфлацията, правителството ще почака завършилите да спечелят повече пари.

Each month graduates would pay back 9% of their income above that threshold. Каква сума ще изплащат? Всеки месец ще изплащат по 9 % от приходите НАД този праг.

The subsidised interest rate at which the repayments are made – currently 1.5% – will be raised. Under a “progressive tapering” system, the interest rate will rise from 0 for incomes of £21,000, to 3% plus inflation (RPI) for incomes above £41,000. Лихвите ще варират според доходите от 0 до 3 %.

If the debt is not cleared 30 years after graduation, it will be wiped out. Ако не изплатят дълга си до 30 години след завършване, той се заличава.

What will universities charging more than £6,000 have to do?

Universities Minister David Willetts has said universities will only be allowed to charge fees of £9,000 in “exceptional circumstances”, На универистетите ще се позволява да вземат такси от 9 хиляди при изключителни обстоятелства which he said might mean if they had high teaching costs, or if a university was offering an intensive two-year course.

Universities charging more than £6,000 will have to commit to “access agreements”, negotiated with the Office For Fair Access (Offa), to commit them to programmes to recruit students from poorer backgrounds. Университетите, които ще таксуват повече от 6 хиляди се задължават да стартират програми, с които да привлекат бедни студенти.

When will the proposals take effect?

Ministers intend to bring in the new system in time for it to take effect from September 2012. Students applying in 2011 who defer entry to 2012 will have to pay the increased fees, and there are concerns that there will be a rush for places in 2011 before the new regime kicks in. But students who have begun their courses before 2012 will not be affected in their later years of study  Новата система ще влезе в сила от септември 2012. Студентите, които са започнали образованието си преди 2012 ще заплащат старите такси до края на образованието си.

The Higher Education Policy Institute has predicted that almost all universities will charge fees of £9,000 – not just a few. Някои смятат, че почти всички университети ще поискат 9 хиляди.

UK TUITION FEES

  • England, Wales, Northern Ireland: Max £3,290 pa
  • Scotland: Free to Scottish and EU students, £1,820 pa to other UK (£2,895 for medicine)
  • Students from elsewhere in the EU pay the same as those locally Студентите от ЕС плащат толкова, колкото и местните студенти.

 

Scotland currently does not charge Scottish students fees В момента шотландските университети не вземат такси от своите студенти и от другите студенти от ЕС

 

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